US To Arm Kurdish Fighters In Syria
Express News Global
US have risked angering ally Turkey, by announcing that they will provide arms and military equipment to Kurdish fighters involved in a battle with ISIS in Syria.
World| Updated : May 10, 2017 15:10 IST
Vilnius: The United States on Tuesday announced it would supply arms and military equipment to Kurdish fighters battling ISIS in Syria, a move likely to anger key ally Turkey which considers the Kurdish forces to be terrorists.
” Our intent is to work with the Turks, alongside one another to take Raqa down,” Mattis said.
The Kurdish elements of the SDF are from the Kurdish Peoples’ Protection Units (YPG) and they have been the main faction fighting ISIS on the ground in Syria.
Turkish war planes carried out strikes on YPG forces in Syria last month and also hit Kurdish positions in neighbouring Iraq, which Ankara described as “terrorist havens”.
” We examined the enemy situation and discussed the next steps to make sure we are all on the same sheet of music. We are going to further accelerate this fight,” Mattis said.
” The SDF, partnered with enabling support from US and coalition forces, are the only force on the ground that can successfully seize Raqa in the near future.”.
The equipment will include small arms, ammunition, machine guns, armoured vehicles and engineering plant such as bulldozers, a defence official told AFP.
Several coalition countries are keeping a nervous eye on the region as ISIS-held territory diminishes.
He noted that the US government’s National Counter-Terrorism Center previously labelled the YPG as the PKK’s Syrian affiliate, but scrapped that description once the US began working with them in late-2014.
” There really can not be any ignoring the fact that the YPG is the official affiliate of a terrorist organisation that Turkey has been fighting for over 30 years,” Lister told AFP.
Officials warn that military action will continue for some time, they are generally upbeat about the progress and quickening momentum of the fight.
Mattis gave a positive assessment of the role Turkey will play.
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” We have many reasons to be very frustrated with the Turks, but Ankara has a justified reason for being infuriated by our support for the YPG.”.
Trump came to power on a pledge to destroy ISIS. Much of the groundwork had already been laid and the coalition had conducted thousands of strikes, US military leaders credit him with delegating greater authority, enabling a quickening pace of operations.
But Turkey says the YPG is linked to Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) separatists inside Turkey, who have waged an insurgency since 1984 that has killed more than 40,000 people.
Charles Lister, a senior fellow at the Middle East Institute, said it was unclear how Washington can allay Turkey’s concerns.
Pentagon chief Jim Mattis, who arrived in Vilnius late Tuesday as part of a Europe trip, earlier attended a summit in Copenhagen for senior leaders from the top 15 countries in the anti-ISIS coalition, including Turkey.
” Equipment provided to the SDF will be limited, mission specific, and metered out incrementally as objectives are reached,” White said, adding that the US foresees Raqa eventually being governed by Arabs, not Kurds.
The Kurdish Peoples’ Protection Units party is seen as terrorists by US ally Turkey (File Photo).
According to a senior US administration official, Interpol has identified 14,000 foreign fighters it knows have travelled to Syria and are still alive.
The US-led coalition fighting ISIS in Iraq and Syria discussed the campaign’s next steps as the jihadists’ “caliphate” around Raqa is collapsing.
The weapons will go to the fighters ahead of a upcoming offensive to recapture Raqa, the last major bastion for ISIS in Syria and the capital of their supposed “caliphate.”.
The campaign against ISIS began in autumn 2014 and has seen the Iraqi security forces– backed with coalition training and air power– reverse humiliating losses and recapture several key cities including Ramadi and Fallujah.
Tuesday’s announcement comes ahead of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s visit to Washington next week to meet Trump.
But critics say the additional strikes have accelerated the rate of civilian deaths.
Spokeswoman White later said Mattis had spoken with Turkish Defence Minister Fikri Isik and reassured him of US commitment to protecting its NATO ally.
President Donald Trump on Monday “authorised the Department of Defense to equip Kurdish elements of the Syrian Democratic Forces as necessary to ensure a clear victory over ISIS in Raqa,” Pentagon spokeswoman Dana White said in a statement.
After months of brutal, street-by-street combat, ISIS has lost control of most of its stronghold of Mosul in Iraq, while the jihadists have become largely isolated in Raqa.
But thousands of foreign fighters remain in Iraq and Syria, and coalition nations– particularly in Europe– are bracing for a possible wave of battle-hardened jihadists returning home.