New Camera May Assist Revolutionise Our Understanding of Stars, Black Holes

Express News

HiPERCAM job involves the creation of a new cam that can take more than 1,000 images per second

Indians Abroad|Press Trust of India|Updated: April 04, 2018 20:42 IST

London: An Indian-origin researcher in the UK is leading a new high-speed area video camera job that is anticipated to revolutionise our understanding of stars and black holes.

Professor Vik Dhillon and his team at University of Sheffield in the UK were signed up with by professionals from around the globe on the HiPERCAM project, which includes the production of a new video camera that can take more than 1,000 images per second.

The video camera went live on the world’s biggest optical telescope, Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), this week.

It will take high-speed images of things in the universe, permitting their rapid brightness variations due to phenomena such as surges and eclipses to be studied in extraordinary information.

” The mix of HiPERCAM and the world’s biggest telescope offers us with a unique new view of the universe, which history tells us is when significant new discoveries are made. Astronomers are thrilled to utilize HiPERCAM on the GTC to begin exploring deep space at high speed, “stated Vik Dhillon, Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Sheffield and Affiliated Researcher at the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC).” Normal electronic cameras installed on large telescopes typically record only one photo every couple of minutes. HiPERCAM can take one image every millisecond. The high speed essentially offers a slow-motion view of quickly differing celestial objects, “he included.” The high-speed images are likewise caught in 5 different colours at the same time, which means we can immediately discriminate in between hot stars which are burning at tens of countless degrees Celsius and are blue in colour – and cooler stars, which appear red and are burning at just a couple of thousand degrees.”

The pioneering five-year task was moneyed by a 3.5-million-euro grant from the European Research Council (ERC) and is being performed in partnership with the Science and Technology Facilities Council’s Astronomy Technology Centre (ATC) and the IAC, together with scientists from the University of Warwick and Durham University in Britain.

The GTC is based on the island of La Palma, located 2,500 metres above water level, which is thought about among the best places in the world to study the night sky.

Information recorded by the camera, taken in five various colours all at once, will let researchers study the remnants of dead stars such as white dwarfs, neutron stars and great voids.

These are key items within astrophysics as their severe gravities, pressures and densities allow scientists to evaluate theories of fundamental physics, such as general relativity and quantum mechanics.

By observing items in the Solar System pass in front of background stars, HiPERCAM will also teach researchers about the sizes and shapes of the small planets beyond Pluto’s orbit, and whether they possess environments, rings and satellites.

” The vital role that STFC and UK universities played in establishing HiPERCAM is a testimony to the work of our world class scientists,” Britain’s Science and Universities Minister, Sam Gyimah, said.

This game-changing cam that will be installed on the world’s biggest telescope will not just deepen our understanding of white overshadows, neutron stars and black holes in our universe, but it will assist maintain our reputation as being a global-leader in research and development.

” It is tasks such as these and the partnership with partners and universities from throughout the world, which underpins our ambitious modern Industrial Strategy to boost innovation and help develop a Britain fit for the future. “” HiPERCAM was a tough job that pushed the style group to fit a lot of clinical capacity into a little area, “Martin Black, an optical engineer from the Science and Technology Facilities Council’s UK Astronomy Technology Centre (UK ATC) and part of the HiPERCAM team, stated.” The team needed to work closely together to ensure whatever fit together and to properly position the video cameras to around 30 microns, about the width of a human hair.”